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Located in south western Uganda; Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park is home to more than half of the remaining mountain gorillas. Bwindi Forest N.P sits on a landmass of 321sqkms and the elevation ranges between 1160m to 2607m above sea level. The Gorilla National Park was gazette as a park in 1991 and in 1994 UNESCO declared it a Natural World Heritage Site.
The word Bwindi refers to “Dark or Impenetrable” in the local dialect and was a forest reserve since 1942 and its pronouncement as a national park was in 1991. The afro-montane vegetation is spread over the Bwindi hills and valleys making gorilla tracking a strenuous activity. Bwindi; an ancient forest, is a source of five major rivers that flow into Lake Edward in Queen Elizabeth National park.
The forest is one of the coldest places in Uganda with temperature ranging from 7 – 20 degrees centigrade. Chilly conditions hit the peak in the months of June and July thus warm clothes are a pre-requisite for all intending visitors. A rain-forest, Bwindi receives about 2930mm of rain per year.
The neighboring towns of Buhoma and Nkuringo both have an impressive array of luxury lodges, rustic Bandas and budget campsites, as well as restaurants and craft stalls. Opportunities abound to discover the local Bakiga and Batwa Pygmy cultures through performances, workshops and village walks
Flaura and Fauna
The forest supports a diversity of wildlife to include about 310 butterflies, 51 reptiles, 200 tree species, 88 moths, and about 120 mammal species. Among the mammals are 10 primate species to include Baboon, L’Hoests monkey, Blue monkey, Black & white colobus monkey / Mantled guereza, , nocturnal bush babies, chimpanzee and the famous Mt. Gorillas as the highlight of the forest species.
The birdlife is also rich with over 350 recorded bird-species including 23 endemic species that comprise about 90% of all Albertine Rift Endemics.  Unique bird-species include short-tailed Warbler, Shelly’s Crimson wing, African Green Broadbill, African Emerald Cuckoo, African Blue White-tailed Flycatcher and Red-headed Bluebill.

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Activities are available to do in and around the park include; Gorilla Tracking and Habituation, Birding and The Batwa Cultural experience.
Birding
The varied habitats of Uganda’s oldest forest mean it is the ideal habitat for a variety of birds, with 350 species recorded, including 23 endemics (90% of all Albertine Rift endemics) such as the Short-tailed Warbler and Blue-headed Sunbird as well as seven IUCN red data listed species. Easy to see are the African Emerald Cuckoo, Common Bulbul, African Blue and White-tailed Blue Flycatchers and Red-headed Bluebill.
Birding takes place along the main trail, the Buhoma Waterfall Trail and along the bamboo zone and Mubwindi Swamp trail in Ruhija
CYCLING/MOUNTAIN BIKING IN BWINDI
Mountain biking follows a well-maintained trail from the park headquarters at Buhoma to the Ivi River. Along this 13km trail you may see wildlife such as bushbucks, black-and-white colobus and red-tailed monkeys. The six-seven hour round trip departs in the morning, and is organized by Buhoma Community Rest Camp under the “Ride for a Woman “community development initiative. 
HIKING/NATURE WALKS IN BWINDI
There are six main nature trails in Buhoma for those who wish to explore the “impenetrable forest”:
Muyanga Waterfall Walk departs from Buhoma along the River Ivi-Nkuringo trail and culminates in the sensational sight of the falls plummeting 33 meters.
Rushura Hill Walk passes through one forest shared by two countries. On a clear day you can view Lakes Edward and George and the Rwenzori Mountains as well as the conical peaks of the Virunga Volcanoes.
Muzubijiro Loop is a 6km walk around a hill, where you will encounter primates and birds and enjoy a view of the Virungas.
The Ivi River Walk is 14km and takes around seven hours. The trail passes a place known as Mukempunu – meaning “a place of pigs” – where wild pigs can often be found.
The Buhoma-Nkuringo Trail takes three to four hours, and crosses right through the park, connecting the two villages and offering impressive views of the misty hillsides as you ascend the hills towards Nkuringo. You can leave our luggage with your driver, who will meet you at the other side. This trail can also be completed as part of the Ivi River Walk.
The Habinyanja (Railegh) Trail takes 4-6hrs. After crossing the Munyaga River, it takes in a fairly steep ascent of the Habigorogoro and Riyovi Ridge overlooking Buhoma River. Found along this trail is the legendry “African Corner” named after a rock piece depicting a map of Africa. Following the steep ascent, keen hikers can enkoy a more relaxed gentle slope to the mighty Habinyanja swamp. Birders on this trail should watch out for the Pel’s Fishing Owl, African Black Duck and Black Bee Eaters, among others.

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